Lipoma: what is it?
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Lipoma (Wen) is a subcutaneous neoplasm - a tumor of a benign nature. It consists of fatty tissue and can occur anywhere on the body. The exact causes of the appearance of a lipoma have not yet been identified, however, it is believed that non-trophic processes in the body contribute to its development, which begin to occur due to malnutrition of some nerves. Lipoma can have intensive growth or develop very slowly. In the first case, it is very important to begin treating the neoplasm in order to prevent its strong growth.
Types of limes
It is important not only to know what a lipoma is, but also by what types they are represented:
- Angiolipoma. In such a neoplasm there is a significant number of blood vessels.
- Mixolipoma. Such a wen has a special property - to produce a large amount of mucus.
- Fibrolipoma. In this type of tumor there is a significant accumulation of connective tissue elements.
- Myolipoma. In such a neoplasm there is a lot of muscle cells.
The lipomas themselves have a rounded shape and are easily separated from the surrounding tissues. If you notice that the tumor has a small process and is tightly welded to the surrounding cells, then it is imperative that you contact the oncologic dispensary.
As a rule, the lipoma is diagnosed after a manual examination of the neoplasm. If localization of a wen makes it difficult to diagnose, then a specialist can resort to the following:
- Ultrasound scan - during it there is a study of internal lipomas;
- X-ray examination - with it, deep-seated benign tumors are diagnosed;
- Biopsy - during such a procedure, material is taken from a neoplasm in order to reveal the nature of its development and to exclude oncology.
Treatment for Wen
When the wen is small, doctors do not recommend their treatment. If the localization of the lipoma is significant, then resort to surgery. It can be performed using the following techniques.
Using a scalpel, a cut is made directly above the lipoma.After this, the overgrown adipose tissue is removed with a capsule. With this technique, the probability of relapse is reduced to zero. But it is important to note that a scar will remain on the skin after such a procedure. Therefore, it is not recommended to use the classic method to remove the wen on the hands and face.
Minimally invasive method
This treatment option involves creating an incision of no more than 1 cm above the lipoma. Then the destruction of the neoplasm occurs and its removal together with the capsule. After such a procedure, scars are hardly visible, but the probability of a relapse in this case is present, since there is a risk that poor quality tumor eradication will be performed.
With such a surgical procedure, the most minimal incision is made — no more than 0.5 cm. During liposuction, adipose tissue is aspirated — sucked off with a special device. The disadvantage of this technique is a high probability of relapse.
Traditional methods of treatment
Lipoma treatment may involve the use of folk methods - these are the recipes used by our ancestors. Here are some of the most effective ones:
- Pour 200 ml of freshly squeezed carrot, black radish, garlic and beetroot juice into a saucepan. Add a glass of wine to them and mix everything thoroughly. Pour the mixture into a bottle and leave in the refrigerator for 3 days, then take it 3 times a day, 2 tbsp. spoons after meals.
- Bake a medium-sized onion in the husk, then peel it and grate it. In the resulting slurry, add 10 g of chopped soap and mix everything thoroughly. Apply the mixture to the lipoma and fix it with a gauze bandage. Change the compress every 4-5 hours.
- Take ground cinnamon daily for 10-15 g. Within a few days the lipoma will begin to decrease in size.
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