"Tree of Kings" - a great decoration for your home
Do you want to grow a real “tree of kings” right at home? Then get a great cordilina, but first find out how to properly care for her.
Is the "Tree of Kings"?
Cordilina is a plant belonging to the Agave family and has more than twenty species. Other names are “the tree of kings” and “false palm tree” (in room conditions, the lower leaves often fall, baring most of the trunk). Externally, the plant looks like a dragon plant, so it is often confused with it. In nature, Cordilina grows in the subtropics and tropics, for example, in Australia, Brazil, Madagascar, Africa, New Zealand.
The name can be translated as "knot", and it appeared, most likely, because of fleshy resembling a dense knot of roots. The photo shows that the leaves can be lanceolate, xiphoid or linear, they are characterized by pink, purple or purple framing or patches.The crown is pretty lush, the flowers are lilac, scarlet or white, but when growing a house, you probably will not see them.
The family is represented by bushes and trees, but at home this plant rarely reaches a height exceeding 1.5 meters. The most popular and frequently encountered species are the Banks Cordilina, Australian, haag, straight, undivided, red, apical or shrub (it is more suitable for growing in indoor conditions).
Features of growing
How to grow a “tree of kings” at home? Cordilina requires the creation of certain conditions:
- Where to put the pot? The window sill of an east or western window will become an ideal place for it. But you should protect the plant from drafts, they are harmful.
- Lighting. Although in nature Cordilin grows in the hot tropics, it does not tolerate direct sunlight. She needs diffused light, but enough, so that the shadow does not fit, it can negatively affect the appearance. And the species with motley leaves need more abundant lighting than with green ones. In winter or in cloudy weather, artificial light, for example, fluorescent lamps, can be used to eliminate the shortage.
- The soil.Cordilina will grow normally in weakly acidic soil with an acidity level not higher than 6 pH. For example, you can prepare a mixture of hardwood humus, top peat and river coarse sand. You can also mix together one part of sand and peat, as well as three parts of garden soil.
- Temperature mode. Cordilina feels comfortable at a temperature of from 20 to 25-27 degrees. In winter, subtropical species become dormant, and for this period the temperature should be reduced to 7-10 degrees. But tropical species are more thermophilic, so that in the cold season they will feel comfortable at 15-18 degrees Celsius.
- Optimum humidity should be high enough, and to ensure it, firstly, in no case put the plant near heating appliances and air conditioners, secondly, spray leaves regularly (periodic wiping with a damp, soft rag will also be appropriate) Third, put a container with cordina on a layer of pebbles and moisten it.
- Watering should be done all year round, but still it should be moderate. So, in the summertime, it is necessary to ensure the supply of moisture about two or three times a week, that is, after the soil dries out, and it is important not to overwet it, it can destroy the plant, leading to rotting of the roots.In winter, watering is reduced to once in 5-7 days, this will be enough.
- The transplantation is necessary for the proper development of the roots, and if they occupy most of the capacity, this indicates that the cordillin has become cramped in the old pot. In general, it is desirable to transplant young plants annually, and one transplant per two or three years is enough for adults. To carry out "resettlement" is best in the spring, and to prevent waterlogging and decay of the soil, you can add a bit of broken brick or charcoal to the soil.
- Top dressing. In order for the “tree of kings” to have enough nutrients, it must be fed regularly. And for this purpose a complex fertilizer for deciduous plants is suitable, which should be introduced in spring and summer once every 1-2 weeks. In winter, one feeding per month is enough.
How to propagate the plant?
If you are interested in how to grow a plant from scratch, then you can multiply it in three main ways:
- Seeds. This method is suitable only for the original varieties of Cordilina, and not artificially derived. Seeds should be placed around the beginning or middle of March in a mixture consisting of equal parts of sod land and sand.Shoots will appear gradually: the first you will see in a few weeks, and the last - only in two or three months.
- Cuttings. Shoots can be taken both from the lower leafless part of the trunk, and from the top. But in any case they must be strong and semi-woody and have at least one knot. The shoots need to be planted in a mixture of peat, leaf soil and sand, constantly sprayed and kept at a temperature of 25-30 degrees, only then the cuttings will be able to root properly.
- Division of the roots. It is necessary at the base of the rhizome to separate several roots, processes and place them in the soil in which the cuttings root (it is described in the previous paragraph). When the site begins to actively develop and show escape, it can be landed in a permanent container.
Problems can arise when a plant is infected with parasites or diseases, and also if improper care is provided. They may be as follows:
- If the tips of the leaves have become dry and have acquired a dark shade, then this may indicate a lack of moisture, that is, excessively dry air.
- Brown specks on the surface of the leaves are a clear sign of a lack of moisture.
- If the leaves suddenly turned yellow, then this may be due to dry air or a lack of certain nutrients.
- If the plant has started to dry out, it is possible that direct sunlight hits it, or the lighting is excessive.
- If the leaves began to curl, then the whole thing is in the wrong temperature, for example, in raising or lowering it, as well as in sudden drops.
- Falling of the lower leaves is a normal process, especially at home.
- If holes or gray spots appear on the surface of the leaves, this may indicate infection with parasites such as scutes, spider mites, mealybugs, or whitefly.
- Decay of the lower part of the stem can be a signal of waterlogging the soil.
Let the "tree of kings" grow and make you happy, but for this, take care of it correctly!
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