What is a convention?
There are many varieties of official documents in international law. One of them is the convention. Let's take a closer look at what a convention is.
The convention is ...
The convention is a source of international law. You can learn more about this concept in the article of our site - What is the source of the right.
More specifically, a convention is an international treaty that is being drawn up on a particular issue. This document is recognized and signed by many countries at once. This ensures compliance with certain rules and agreements on the scale of several states at once.
Depending on its content, the convention may be related to a particular area. For example, to the field:
- political relations;
- legal relations;
- socio-economic relations, etc.
The most well-known conventions are: the Geneva Conventions on International Humanitarian Law, the Convention on the Status of Refugees, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination,Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, European Convention on Human Rights.
But, perhaps, the Convention on the Rights of the Child is mentioned more often in the mass media. It was adopted on November 20, 1989. This legal document defines the rights of persons aged 0 to 18 years in those states that have signed this convention (to date - more than a hundred and fifty states, including the Russian Federation). The convention consists of 54 articles.
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