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What is a comparison?

Natalya Chekanova
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What is a comparison?

In life, we constantly resort to comparisons. So we go to the store, comparing products before making a choice. We compare the actions of people, their qualities, films, music, etc. And this is correct, because everything is known in comparison. But what is a comparison?

Term meanings

The term comparison is used in various fields. In everyday life, comparison is the identification of qualities according to the principle of assimilation, finding out whether objects are equal to each other, which is better. Often, �comparison� is defined as a way to identify the unity and diversity of things. In mathematics, this is a comparison of numbers for equality and inequality (more-less). Thus, the main meaning of the word �comparison� is the process of comparing the various properties of two objects, both qualitative and quantitative.

The term �comparison� is used in psychology, sociology, and philosophy. In psychology, there are special tests for comparison, to determine the degree of development of mental abilities.�Comparison� in philosophy is a cognitive operation with the help of which the characteristics of processes and phenomena are revealed.

Comparison in literature

But most emotionally we perceive literary comparisons. What is the comparison in the literature? This is an artistic device (or trails), based on a comparison of the qualities of phenomena, objects or people, as well as the comparison of one object (phenomenon) to another. The purpose of the literary comparison is to more fully reveal the image through common signs. In comparison, both compared objects are always mentioned, although the general feature itself may be omitted.

Types of literary comparisons

  1. Simple comparisons are turns expressed by means of alliances: as if, exactly, as if, as if, directly, etc. (�Quick, like a deer�).

    Like a tiger, life claws up its body,

    And the mind and heart took the firmament in chains ...

    (Baba Tahir).

  2. Unionless - through the composite nominal predicate.

    So my summer gown is thin -

    Wings of cicada!

    (Basho).

  3. Negative - one object is opposed to another. It is often used in national expressions (�That is not the wind that drives the branch, Not the oak tree rustles�).
  4. Comparisons "inborn" - using the noun in the instrumental case.

    Joy crawling snail

    In grief a mad run ...

    (V. Mayakovsky).

  5. Comparison with adverbs of mode of action (�Shouted like a beast�).
  6. Genitive - with the help of a noun in the genitive case (�I ran with the speed of the wind�, as opposed to �I ran with the speed like that of the wind�).

So, you have learned that such a comparison, examples of literary comparisons. But comparative turns are widely used not only in literature, but also in scientific, colloquial speech. Without comparisons, our speech would be less figurative and bright.

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