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What is insulin?

Galina Uneasy
Galina Uneasy
March 28, 2013
What is insulin?

Insulin is a hormone that is formed while the pancreas is working. Thanks to insulin, blood glucose is monitored and its constant daily norm is maintained. As you know, with food in the body gets a different amount of sugar, and this can lead to constant jumps in glucose levels. If we draw analogies about what insulin is, then we can say that it is something like a bespereboynik in the human body and does not allow glucose to jump.

Types of insulin

Selecting insulin for the patient, it is necessary to pay attention to the following points:

  • How the body reacts to the insulin administered;
  • How long the body takes to process it;
  • What way of life leads the patient, including whether he has bad habits;
  • How the patient eats and how often;
  • Age of the patient;
  • The content of glucose in the blood of the patient;
  • Can a patient take several insulin shots throughout the day?
  • How often a person checks glucose levels throughout the day.

Insulin is of the following types:

  • Quick response;
  • Intermediate action;
  • Short-term actions;
  • Insulin mixed type;
  • Long type, it is also called prolonged.

Insulin work

For patients with diabetes, it is necessary to know well how insulin works. It is produced by the beta cells of the pancreas. The higher the glucose level, the more active the beta cells are. Briefly, the effect of insulin on the body can be represented in the form of such a scheme. When insulin enters the liver, its cells are excited, which begin to process the hormone. When this occurs, their interaction at the chemical level, which leads to the processing of glucose with the formation of glycogen and fat. Insulin lowers the formation of glucose in the liver. If there is a decrease in the formation of glucose in the body, insulin production decreases as well.

How does insulin enter the body?

Patients who need insulin are offered several ways to get the hormone into the body. For this use:

  • Syringes pens. This device can be used repeatedly. With the help of the regulator, the patient independently sets the dose of insulin needed, and then injects it into the body with a needle.
  • Insulin syringes.It resembles an ordinary syringe, only of a smaller size, where the marking is applied. Depending on the required level of insulin, one or another syringe is used. Injection patient makes their own.
  • Pumps. A catheter is inserted into the patient's vein and the pump is attached to the waist. The patient programs the pump for the dosage and the number of times he needs.
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