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What is soft tissue sarcoma

The nature of sarcoma


In general, sarcoma is a malignant tumor that can be localized in the human body in different parts of it. For example, it can occur in the bones of a person - then it is called osteosarcoma.
A separate group of such neoplasms is soft tissue sarcoma, which can affect muscles, tendons, connective tissues, fatty tissue, and other parts of the human body. Experts in the field of oncology believe that the lower part of the human body is most susceptible to the occurrence of soft tissue sarcoma, and in a significant proportion of cases the tumor first appears on the thigh. The risk group for the occurrence of this malignant disease is made up of people aged 30 to 60 years.

Symptoms of Sarcoma


As a rule, the initial stage of sarcoma is characterized by the appearance of a nidus of disease in the depth of a person’s muscular tissue, and only then, as it grows, does it reach the surface of the body, becoming visible to the naked eye.At the same time, an external effect on a tumor, for example, such as an injury or physiotherapy, can significantly accelerate its growth.
When a tumor becomes noticeable on the surface of the body, it usually represents a white or yellowish node, which may have both a smooth and uneven surface. Depending on the type of sarcoma, among which there are fibrosarcoma, angiosarcoma and other categories, the nature of the body of this node may be different. For example, it can be dense or soft, and in some cases its consistency may resemble a jelly-like mass.
The size of the nodule that appears on the body may be different, however, since sarcoma has the malignant nature of the disease, as it progresses, there is a gradual increase in education. So, usually recently appeared sarcoma has a value not exceeding 2-5 centimeters, but later it can increase to 25-30 centimeters. At the same time, cancer cells and their tumors can spread through the bloodstream throughout the body, causing the appearance of metastases.
In the process of increasing the size of the tumor produces compression of the soft tissues surrounding it.As a result, a person may experience painful symptoms when touching the sarcoma area, as well as other unpleasant sensations in the part of the body where it occurred, such as, for example, heaviness and decreased mobility. However, due to this compression, the contours of the tumor become clearly pronounced, making it possible to clearly determine its size and location. Therefore, when one or more of these symptoms appear, it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor for diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
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